Geography of Kodagu District
Kodagu is a mountainous district, bordered by six districts, three districts (Dakshina Kannada, Hassan, and Mysore) in Karnataka state and two districts (Kasaragod and Kannur) in Kerala state. As it located on the eastern slopes of Western Ghats range the whole district covered by beautiful mountain ranges, the green trap of forest, waterfalls, the misty climate in monsoon and winter season. It has a total area of 4,102 sq km with the density of 140 per sq km.
Madikeri is the capital of Coorg District and also the major town. There are hundreds of Villages and several towns in this district. The significant towns are Virajpet, Kushalnagar, Somwarpet, Gonikoppal. There are several tiny towns including Siddapura, Ponnampet, Ammathi, Thithimathi, Suntikoppa, Bhagamandala, Napoklu, and Murnad. Kodagu divided into three talukas they areMadikeri, Virajpet, and Somwarpet.
Peaks and Elevation
Kodagu lies on the Western Ghats range means on the highland, there are many peaks nearly touch clouds. Thadiyandamol is the highest peak, reaches 1,750 meters above sea level, Pushpagiri is the second highest peak the elevation at 1,715 meters. There are many peaks and mountain ranges in the district that reach high above the cloud. The lowest elevation is at 900 meters above sea level.
Rivers and Streams
Kaveri or Cauvery is the main river in the district and in the state of Karnataka, is starts in Talakaveri (located on the border of Kerala State on the Western Ghats) in Kodagu and merges to the Bay of Bengal in Tamilnadu. There are dozens of small river and streams (seasonal, only flow in rainy season). There are many rivers originated in Coorg and Kodagu is the main water source of the rivers.
Rainfall and Climate
Kodagu is a cool and rainy district, average rainfall is 160 inches (in some areas). Usually, raining heavily in the high grounds and dense forests, may showers into November from June.
This district has the moderate temperature, the average temperature in summer (March, April, and May) may exceed 28o C, and an average temperature in Winter (November, December, January, and February) drops up to 14o C.
- Highest rainfall: In July and August
- Highest Temperature: In April and May
- Lowest Temperature: In December and January